Naming, shaming, fire alarms and World Heritage in Danger

Our co-authored article “Naming, Shaming and Fire Alarms: The
Compilation, Development and Use of the List of World Heritage in Danger” is available in Open Access in Transnational Environmental Law

Abstract
This article provides a comprehensive empirical analysis of the composition, development and use of the List of World Heritage in Danger (IDL) under the 1972 Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. The statutory records of this Convention have been coded in order to generate an overview of the development and use of the IDL between 1978 and 2017. The quantitative data was further developed by reference to World Heritage and transnational law literature. A key finding of this article is that the IDL serves a dual purpose in regulation: firstly, as a ‘fire alarm’ to alert the international community of imminent dangers at World Heritage sites; secondly, as a non-compliance procedure used for ‘naming and shaming’ states that breach the rules. The findings in this article have relevance for heritage scholars and policy makers concerned with the governance of World Heritage as well as those with a broader interest in non-compliance procedures under transnational environmental law.

More about the project: The article is a result of a collaboration with Evan Hamman and Jessica Phelps based on our shared interest for the less researched In Danger mechanism of the World Heritage Convention. Drawing on earlier work and in particular data gatehring methods, Jessica and I compiled and analysed the data. Evan brought his legal expertise and in-depth knowledge of the Great Barrier Reef to the table and together we framed the discussions dual purpose of the In Danger mechanism.

Full reference: Hølleland, H., Hamman, E., & Phelps, J. (n.d.). Naming, Shaming and Fire Alarms: The Compilation, Development and Use of the List of World Heritage in Danger. Transnational Environmental Law, 1-23. doi:10.1017/S2047102518000225

Photo: Screenshot of UNESCO’s World Heritage In Danger.