The World Heritage Convention is one of the world’s most widely-ratified international treaties. Established with the aim of safeguarding the world’s cultural and natural heritage, most nations are quick to nominate sites though far less likely to manage them appropriately.

As a consequence each year, the World Heritage Committee reviews over one hundred state of conservation reports which outline the threats faced by current sites. A handful of these end up on the List of World Heritage in Danger. In a new blog entry on we present some of the findings from our research on the In Danger List addressing how the list functions: On the one hand as a fire alarm, especially in cases of civil war and unrest and on the other as a disciplinary procedure, seeking to ‘name and shame’ recalcitrant states.

The blog entry is based on our article Hølleland, H., E. Hamman, J. Phelps 2019. Naming, Shaming and Fire Alarms: The Compilation, Development and Use of the List of World Heritage in Danger. Transnational Environmental Law 8(1):35-57. The article is Open Access and can be read free of charge for anyone interested.

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